Vacuum Condensation

Top Ten Tips for Reducing Condensation

Here are our top 10 tips to reduce condensation……….

 

  • When taking a shower or a bath, keep the bathroom door closed and if there is an extractor  fitted, make sure it’s on.
  • Don’t forget to pull the plug and drain the water out of the bath as soon as you’ve finished!
  • Drying clothes on radiators generates plenty of moisture, it will reduce condensation considerably if you use a tumble dryer instead and extract the moist air outside.
  • Modern windows have trickle vents fitted to allow a little air to keep condensation down, if these aren’t fitted, opening the window just a tiny bit will help reduce condensation
  • Hob extractors are great for removing moisture but only if they are set up to extract to an outside wall and they’re used every time the oven or hob is on. If they’re the recirc type then they won’t remove any moisture, just smells – consideration should be given to extracting outside if condensation is a problem in kitchens.
  • People generate moisture just by breathing so the more people in the property the more likely condensation will be a problem – public houses, village halls, community centres, offices and properties with large families are particularly vulnerable so ensure ventilation is large enough for the number of people in the property. If you have an excercise bike or treadmill indoors you’re going to generate lots of moisture while training, ensure you keep the window open to vent it all out.
  • Fix leaks – Check inside the house to make sure there are no plumbing leaks. Particular attention should be given to overflows , double check that overflow pipework is connected to the outside and works. Checks drains aren’t leaking under the sink and under the bath.
  • Fix leaks – Check outside that rainwater gutters are clear and downpipes are connected and not blocked. When its raining hard, go outside and take a look to ensure the rainwater is flowing away from the property and not soaking into outside walls.
  • Put the heating on – warm air holds considerably more moisture than cold air but don’t be tempted to seal up the house by closing every window, see next tip……..
  • vent vent vent vent vent – we can’t stress this enough but ventilation is the key to reducing condensation, combined with improving insulation, reducing damp and heating the property.
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Heritage Property Renovations in the Brecon Beacons

This summer I decided to take a short trip motorcycling around the Brecon Beacons on my vintage Triumph Bonneville and visit a number of property renovations. It was supposed to be a father and son bonding session but unfortunately Frazer was too ill to go and was diagnosed with glandular fever the day we were due to leave. So I decided to go it alone but still take the bike, what better way to discover ancient buildings than on an ancient motorbike.? Admittedly the weather was a bit of a wash out (little did I realise the day I set off was the day the 2018 drought would come to an abrupt end !) but the bike and the rider never broke down once and the trip was a resounding success. The warmth of the welcome my bike and I received was, for want of a better word, ”warm and welcoming”.

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Our (the bike and I) journey, allowing for a few wrong turns and a stop for fuel and tea in Weston-super-Mare from North Devon to our hotel in Brecon Beacons National Park was about 200 miles. The (loose) plan was to discover a few properties in the vicinity of the hotel I was heading for, visit a lime mortar and traditional building school and also visit the Bear, a pub in the nearby town of Crickhowell, Powys who, in 2014 had ordered two of our air bricks.

Once at the hotel (Tall Johns House, Llangasty) I was most impressed with the Georgian Manor house’ plans to add to their existing facilities by converting the adjacent barn for weddings.  The builder and his team were busy carrying out the second fix and frantically finishing off the wiring and painting. Liza, the house keeper was telling me they were running a bit behind and it was all going to be ready in the next few days. With a wedding booked in the barn for the following weekend there was still plenty to do!

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The next day I headed out to the Ty-Mawr Lime company at Llangasty and was shown around by Rae. Rae was very knowledgeable on all aspects of sustainable building renovations and lime mortar and also organic gardening.  I was most impressed by her enthusiasm and some of the products they have and can thoroughly recommend a visit. Rather than me add my own slant on what they do I’ll just add there comments direct from the website…

“Established in 1995, by husband and wife, Nigel and Joyce Gervis, Ty-Mawr Lime Ltd has made an enormous contribution to resurrecting the use of traditional building materials.  Ty-Mawr has gone on to become a market leader in the design, manufacture and distribution of environmentally-friendly building materials and systems, providing a ‘one-stop’ shop for its customers and clients across the UK.   As well as manufacturing and supplying products, Ty-Mawr is keen to raise the level of skills in building by regularly running courses, attending exhibitions, delivering CPD Technical Seminars, writing and producing books and technical papers and they have just released the first in a series of ‘how-to’ application videos.”

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The instructional downloadable sheet on lime in buildings  may be of particular interest to our customers and perhaps the external and paint finishes for traditional property renovators. They do a range of courses throughout the year and the RIBA Accredited CPD should be useful for Architects.

The following day I discovered the delightful Llangasty church which is set on the edge of  Llangorse Lake on the site of an ancient Celtic church founded by St Gastyn in AD450. The church was rebuilt in 1848 to 1851. The church is a remarkably intact survivor of the Oxford Movement’s ideas on liturgical arrangements and is Grade 2 star listed.

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Inside is a font which features a note encouraging pilgrims and visitors alike to place stones in the water of the font for Sunday worshippers to pray. I couldn’t help but notice the quatrefoil design on the font and also the plethora of quatrefoil designs in the region. This was a design we’d seen several years ago in another Somerset churchyard that inspired our production of our Quatrefoil cast iron channel gratings that now feature in Hyde Park.

In fact another quatrefoil greeted my arrival on the stone gatepost at Treberfydd House whose owners had kindly opened their grounds and house for tours as part of the national gardens scheme. The owner gave a small group a tour upstairs and around the downstairs receptions and showed me some glazing that had recently been replaced with new leadwork.

Occupied by the Raikes family since it was built, nearly all of the original features of the house remain. These include elaborately carved stone fireplaces, glazed tiles, carved oak staircases, stained glass windows as well as Robert Raikes’ extensive library which remains virtually untouched. Like many Victorian houses of the period, Treberfydd has a school room, a scullery, a nursery, a back staircase, a billiard room and even a secret passageway. The house also contains fine examples of the original Gothic oak furniture designed by Pearson.

In the conservatory I was most impressed with the original cast iron gratings which were over the central heating pipes. These weren’t too dissimilar to our Ecclesiastical grilles and I couldn’t help but notice the mitred corners. Something we wouldn’t be prepared to do with our grilles and a finish I wouldn’t recommend. The cast iron is notoriously brittle when cut in this way with an “open” pattern and mitring can make the grilles even more delicate. These though were still in tact, several decades or maybe even a century after production, I just wonder how many grilles were cut when they were installed before they had an unbroken pair.

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I couldn’t help but notice this little “granny” annex (below) as I spoke to the father of the owner who lives there. Many cat lovers who live in listed buildings will of course know how difficult it is to install cat flaps in period front doors but who would have thought to put it in the wall – a solid stone wall!

IMG_7113 Next door to this wonderful “medieval folly” is a wonderful plant nursery in the Victorian walled garden . I can thoroughly recommend any gardeners to visit this as it’s a plant nursery like no other, more like a stately home garden, except all the plants are for sale!

Back in Brecon there’s a fabulous museum for the welsh guards but I’m pushed for time and head off into the mountains and along the mountain pass to visit a reservoir and take in some of the breath-taking vistas.  If this was a countryside blog I’d probably feature more photos of the views but it’s a renovation blog so here’s something more in keeping with the theme. Some airbricks awaiting renovation in Brecon …

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It’s nearly time to get back home but before I do I head to “The Bear” in search of the air bricks we sold them four years ago. Unfortunately it’s a massive pub and I cant locate the vents anywhere, but I do however find an outdoor clothing retailer next door and pop in to buy waterproof trousers for the long journey back to Exmoor.

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A little about the bike…

The bike is a 1974 Triumph Bonneville T140. I’ve had it a few years and it’s a joy to ride. The seating position is bolt upright so it’s ideal for those folk who are “passed their prime” and it can cruise all day at 55mph. It’s a twin carb, two cylinder motor of 750cc and is the later type with a single unit for engine and gearbox. It’s a UK version and has the relatively small “US” style teardrop tank which doesn’t hold a great deal of fuel and therefore warrants a fuel stop every 100 miles. It comes with the obligatory British bike oil leak, kick start and “peashooter exhaust” roar which make using the horn unnecessary on any occasion. Sat Nav is supplied by a good map and a good memory!

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The Great British iron foundry is here to stay

A bright future for British iron foundries

In June 2018 we paid a visit to some of the foundries that cast our products and also took a look at some new foundries for future product development.  It was an excellent visit and very exciting seeing all the workings of the foundries and we were made most welcome.

If it wasn’t so early in the morning I’d have actually smiled for the photo below.

 

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With all the talk of Brexit doom and gloom we were prepared for the worst. This was our first foundry visit for a couple of years but in 2016, we discovered the future of British manufacturing wasn’t looking good. Our foundries were down to bare minimum staffing levels, there was a skills shortage and most worryingly a demand shortage. Some of the foundries were down to three or four mornings a week with the shop floor empty for the majority of the time. With no future orders on the horizon foundries had almost abandoned apprenticeships as there was barely enough work to go round.  “Made in Britain” wasn’t looking too healthy.

 

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Fast forward two years and it’s a completely different picture.

Full order books, some foundries on 7 days a week, some working 24 hour days and foundries training youngsters. The atmosphere in all the foundries we visited was buzzing and full of optimism and its clear that customers want iron, they really do. It’s in vogue, stoves and log burners have never been so popular and  the sides, the fronts, the backs and the gratings are cast in Britain. We saw many items cast at the foundries we visited all ready for transporting to the factories for assembly.

 

Here’s the guys hard at work in Sheffield putting in a shift before most of us have sat down for breakfast…

Traditional Iron Pouring  

And a modern approach using the DISA machine in action in Dudley…

Future of iron castings

There’s been a huge shift in work from overseas that was once lost coming back to our shores. Every foundry said the same. We visited foundries at Stroud, Stourbridge, Dudley, Birmingham, Sheffield and Nottingham and found it was the same picture at all of them. A shop floor brimming with workers and a back log of work with barely enough hours in the day to keep up. Foundries that once clocked in at 9am for a few hours are now starting at 6 in the morning and still going with double shifts late into the evening.

There’s been investment in new tooling and modern machinery and expansion too. Vanguard foundry in Stourbridge is nearly twice the size it was a few years ago, purchasing another site across the road and employing double the staff. In order to ensure the skills are maintained they have a rotational system to ensure all the work force are up to date and can do every job on the shop floor.

 

Vanguard Foundry Stourbridge

But the Cast Iron Air Brick Company (and our customers) know our foundries are great  and have always insisted we make our products in the UK. We’ve always done this and we always will. Watch out for some exciting new products in the autumn and thank you for supporting British manufacturing.

Doorstep Grille

Sub Floor Ventilation – Hallways

Period Property Sub Floor Ventilation

The Hallway

Walking along the high street in Bath, doing a bit of shopping, I couldn’t help but notice this hallway “vent” in one of the properties along the high street. Actually, it’s not one of the worse I’d seen but it struck me how much effort had gone into repairing the vent, which sadly had reduced its effectiveness considerably and how much nicer it would all look with a proper grille and a lick of paint on the door. I’m often drawn to the architecture and the construction and ventilation of the ancient properties in this lovely Roman city but it’s sad to see signs of neglect that create damp within buildings that have lasting consequences. Suspended wooden floors were the main battle against damp within the rooms of properties of the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian eras. A solid floor requires a physical barrier to prevent moisture whereas suspended floors utilise dry air flowing underneath the floor boards . This air is fed naturally by wind and flows under the house, in one side and exhausting out the other. In a double fronted house, with rooms either side of the front door, the steps leading to the door quite often have a long cast iron vent grille that is essential to the health of the property. The grille allows the equivalent of 4 or 5 air bricks of air to ingress or exhaust under the hall and permeate beneath the living rooms either side. If this is blocked or has been replaced with bricks, plywood or a single brick vent then moisture can build up under the floorboards and lead to serious problems causing the underside of the wooden boards to become saturated leading to damp, wet rot and more seriously, dry rot. The hallway grille is part of a system of sub floor ventilation linked with air bricks at the front and back and possibly the side of the property designed to keep the property habitable and ensure the longevity of the building materials supporting the ground floor. When inspecting a property with rotten floor boards or damp in the floors ensure the sub floor ventilation is clear but also ensure that it exists or hasn’t been reduced. If in doubt as to the original layout of ventilation it can be a good guide to look at other similar properties in the street and see what they have, especially the well maintained properties. An extensive inspection of the ground floor vents and lifting of a few boards to check the sub floor cavity is clear would be the first place to start. Don’t forget to check the hallway vent !

this image, courtesy of Raven Housing Trust, shows just how destructive condensation can be

Preventing Condensation Part1

 

Here are our top 10 tips to reduce condensation……….

 

  • When taking a shower or a bath, keep the bathroom door closed and if there is an extractor  fitted, make sure it’s on.
  • Don’t forget to pull the plug and drain the water out of the bath as soon as you’ve finished!
  • Drying clothes on radiators generates plenty of moisture, it will reduce condensation considerably if you use a tumble dryer instead and extract the moist air outside.
  • Modern windows have trickle vents fitted to allow a little air to keep condensation down, if these aren’t fitted, opening the window just a tiny bit will help reduce condensation
  • Hob extractors are great for removing moisture but only if they are set up to extract to an outside wall and they’re used every time the oven or hob is on. If they’re the recirc type then they won’t remove any moisture, just smells – consideration should be given to extracting outside if condensation is a problem in kitchens.
  • People generate moisture just by breathing so the more people in the property the more likely condensation will be a problem – public houses, village halls, community centres, offices and properties with large families are particularly vulnerable so ensure ventilation is large enough for the number of people in the property.
  • Fix leaks – Check inside the house to make sure there are no plumbing leaks. Particular attention should be given to overflows , double check that overflow pipework is connected to the outside and works. Checks drains aren’t leaking under the sink and under the bath.
  • Fix leaks – Check outside that rainwater gutters are clear and downpipes are connected and not blocked. When its raining hard, go outside and take a look to ensure the rainwater is flowing away from the property and not soaking into outside walls.
  • Put the heating on – warm air holds considerably more moisture than cold air but don’t be tempted to seal up the house by closing every window, see next tip……..
  • vent vent vent vent vent – we can’t stress this enough but ventilation is the key to reducing condensation, combined with improving insulation, reducing damp and heating the property.
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St Pancras Hotel, London

In June we took a tour of the fabulous St Pancras Renaissance Hotel in London and also the impressive station of St Pancras to explore the wonderful architecture and look for inspiration in search of new designs and ideas for products. Our guide, Mike, took us on the hotel tour, which is open to non residence of the hotel for about an hour and gave us a grand tour.

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He explained the architect responsible for the building of the St Pancras was George Gilbert Scott. During the tour it became clear Scott would very much appreciate the castings we make at the Cast Iron Air Brick company as he too was a keen promoter of employing British foundries to make his goods. He loved to show off the products his  midlands workers could make to property owners in London, again, something we’re proud to do ourselves today!

Scott was a keen industrialist and revelled in promoting the skills of the craftsmen from the midlands in the materials used for his London designs. He incorporated not just the Quatrefoil design that we use in our “four clover” Quatrefoil channel gratings   but also Trefoil and even a “five clover” design rarely seen known as the Pentafoil . The quatrefoil can been seen at the top of the arches in the booking hall (below)

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St Pancras was used as a show piece to show the gentry in the capital the splendid brick work, stone carvings and above all cast iron castings that his Birmingham and Derbyshire foundries could make.  What is particularly impressive is that Scott used ground breaking design to elevate the entire St Pancras platform. This ensured the hotel entrance aligned perfectly for passengers arriving by carriage yet allowed the train to depart on a slight fall to ensure the departing trains did so without making too much noise or generating too much smoke in the station.

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The stunning main staircase featured flamboyant designs so Scott could show off all the skills of his workers and in particular the castings that the midland foundries could produce. In the example above, however, he tricked the guests into believing that the support, underslung along the stairs, was made of cast iron and was used to help support the structure. This support,  however, served no structural purpose as the stairs were self supporting and was made of a much lighter material, namely wood.  One reason, it is thought that the wood was painted to resemble iron was to help promote the skills of the foundries  rather than the skills of the carpenters!

pipe

Another ground breaking design that Scott incorporated into the structure was a fire main system to help fire brigades by ensuring the hotel had a huge reservoir of water. The water was collected by channelling water along intricate cast iron gullies and pipes and storing it underneath the building. (above) Cast iron pipes can be seen in the booking office  directing the rainwater into hoppers to storage tanks below.

aco with 5"

Upgrading Old & New Channel Gratings

Channel gratings, “Aco” drains, pavement drains, trench drains and French drains, whatever you know them as they’re the sort of long narrow drains you often see along the pavement or below door thresholds on footpaths or household patios.

Aco drain overhaul and new installations with cast iron grilles can be fraught with difficulty because matching the channel with the grating can be troublesome.

It is tiresome but if a cast iron grille is required to fit into an existing channel then it’s often more simpler to replace the channel as well to get a matching pair..

You see we use the 108mm wide Manthorpe Channel…

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and then combine it with our 108mm Quatrefoil grille

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for a perfect fit !

However if you’re leaving an Aco drainage channel in place and fitting a new cast iron grille – then you have a problem…

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The problem is the Aco system is 117mm (above) so it certainly won’t accept a 100mm wide grille (4″) and it looks even worse with a 5″ (125mm grille)…

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… and it won’t even accept our Quatrefoil gratings below

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There are a few other channel systems available but again, if they’re not 108mm wide then they’re not going to be suitable for our Quatrefoil grilles and hardly any are exactly imperial widths so even a 4″ 100mm grille will be too small …

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So the solution is to install a new channel complete with new cast iron so the two match like our stunning Quatrefoil complete with Manthorpe system below

Quatrefoil Channel Grating

Quatrefoil Channel Grating

There is one other method were cast iron bearers  are used and a channel is formed out of cement and or concrete. Find out how we installed this here to create a walkway and bridge.

Using a conservation vent as a drain outlet on a period cottage, North Devon Wall

Improving Exteriors in Conservation Areas

Rainwater from down pipes used to emit from an open drainpipe on this old wall. It looked a real mess but what other alternative was there? Now, the pipe is finished off with a cast iron conservation 4 or 5 inch cowl, it looks neat, tidy and in keeping with this period cottage, North Devon wall

More details of the Conservation vent (item CON4 and CON5) can be found here

blocked slit grilles

Efficient Drainage ?

You would think that drain grilles would be capable of draining water away, wouldn’t you? Well unfortunately no, as these modern narrow slit grilles show. This is an all to common problem with modern channel gratings and one of the reasons we developed the cast iron Quatrefoil channel grille system.

The modern grilles shown in the photograph are excellent for not allowing stiletto heels to pass through but they’re not very good at draining away water. It is impossible to achieve effective drainage with narrow slits unless the water is clean and the grilles are removed regularly for cleaning. If that’s not the case and the water contains any soil or silt then the grille will quickly block rendering it useless.

Whilst our Quatrefoil grilles  won’t prevent stiletto heels falling through,  they will do what they’re designed to do and that’s drain water away – and they are perfectly appropriate for the grounds of listed buildings and period properties , unlike their modern counterparts !

quatrefoil part one

Installing Quatrefoil Channel Grating Part 1

Channel Gratings are ideal for collecting surface water along the lengths of pavements, drives and at the base of doorways and conservatories. Here we are installing a Quatrefoil channel grating at the base of a 2.4 metre wide garden step in the grounds of a listed building. Our system uses the Manthorpe plastic channel with our own cast iron grating that screws into the channel and can be used in conjunction with a junction box to allow L T and X shaped channels to divert water in almost any situation.

First*, clear the ground and sink a new drain pipe to take away the excess water. Here you can see we have used a fixed drain that will connect up to the rainwater drain for the house and take away the water. You can install a drain pipe that leads to a soak away or if you don’t want to dig down then you can leave one end of the plastic channel open so the water can be diverted along the surface . This can be done forming cement channels to divert the water down hill to a soakaway or to another drain pipe elsewhere on the property.

Connect up the plastic channels and lay the full lengths were they will be installed. Using a level, check the fall and ensure they are square. Cut the hole at the base of one of the channels were the water will drain into the drain pipe and fit the end stop (from the accessory pack) to prevent the water escaping out of the of the plastic channel. Lay a base of concrete along the whole area for the channels to sit in and then fit all the channels ensuring the other end cap is fitted at the end of the run.

see part two for finishing off

* our products are especially designed for listed buildings but please ensure you obtain  permission from the conservation department of your local authority if you are listed before starting the works